Catacombe di san callisto wikipedia

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Catacombs of Rome

catacombe di san callisto wikipedia

The Catacomb(s) of Callixtus is one of the Catacombs of Rome on the Appian Way, most notable for containing the Crypt of the Popes (Italian: Cappella dei.

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This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less. You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has years, Jamaica has 95 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. File information. Structured data.

Pictures concerning the catacombs on Wikimedia Commons are here. An English Wikipedia page is here. A general introduction to catacombs: Catacombs of Rome. See "Access" below for further details. From the later 3rd century until the mid 5th century, the catacombs here comprised the largest Christian cemetery in Rome.

They were the official cemetery of the Church of Rome in the 3 rd century AD. Around half a million Christians were buried here, among them many martyrs and 16 popes. They are named after the deacon St. Callixtus who, at the beginning of the 3 rd century AD, was assigned by Pope Zephyrinus to the administration of the cemetery. Since they have been entrusted to the custody of the Salesians of Don Bosco.

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Callixtus I.
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The Catacombs of Rome Italian : Catacombe di Roma are ancient catacombs , underground burial places under Rome , Italy , of which there are at least forty, some discovered only in recent decades. Though most famous for Christian burials, either in separate catacombs or mixed together, people of all the Roman religions are buried in them, beginning in the 2nd century AD, [1] mainly as a response to overcrowding and shortage of land. The Etruscans, like many other European peoples, used to bury their dead in underground chambers. The original Roman custom was cremation , after which the burnt remains were kept in a pot, ash-chest or urn, often in a columbarium. From about the 2nd century AD, inhumation burial of unburnt remains became more fashionable, in graves or sarcophagi , often elaborately carved, for those who could afford them. Christians also preferred burial to cremation because of their belief in bodily resurrection at the Second Coming. The Christian catacombs are extremely important for the art history of Early Christian art , as they contain the great majority of examples from before about AD, in fresco and sculpture , as well as gold glass medallions these, like most bodies, have been removed.

The original building dates form the time of Pope Gregory III who ordered the building of a church on the site. The church has been rebuilt twice since, first in the twelfth century and again the current church in The seventeenth century facade carried the coat of arms of Pope Paul V. The church has a single aisle with a chapel either side. The chapel on the right are two angels sculptured by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.



Category:Catacomb of Callistus (Rome)

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The Catacomb s of Callixtus also known as the Cemetery of Callixtus is one of the Catacombs of Rome on the Appian Way , most notable for containing the Crypt of the Popes Italian : Cappella dei Papi , which once contained the tombs of several popes from the 2nd to 4th centuries. The Catacomb is believed to have been created by future Pope Callixtus I , then a deacon of Rome, under the direction of Pope Zephyrinus , enlarging pre-existing early Christian hypogea. Callixtus himself was entombed in the Catacomb of Calepodius on the Aurelian Way. The crypt fell into disuse and decay as the relics it contained were translated from the catacombs to the various churches of Rome ; the final wave of translations from the crypt occurred under Pope Sergius II in the 9th century, primarily to San Silvestro in Capite , which unlike the Catacomb was within the Aurelian Walls. The catacomb forms part of an ancient funerary complex, the Complesso Callistiano , that occupies thirty hectares.

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Catacomb of Callixtus

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